The UA has launched a new Defense and Security Research Institute that aims to expand the University's strengths in those areas while helping the UA to reach its goal of doubling research expenditures from $600 million to $1.2 billion by 2023. The interdisciplinary institute will help pave the way for new, mutually beneficial partnerships between the UA and industry, which is one of the key goals of the University's Never Settle plan.
For the first time, UA astronomers have used the same imaging technology found in digital cameras to take a picture of a planet far from our solar system with an Earth-based telescope. The accomplishment is a small step toward the technology astronomers will need in order to identify planets suitable for harboring life.
In an unprecedented effort to standardize the anatomical nomenclature of insect brains, UA neuroscientists have helped create a road map for discoveries that will advance studies of human brain function and disease. Their work, published in the scientific journal Neuron, includes hundreds of images and 3-D video animations.
People living in cold, northern latitudes have more of a bacteria in their guts that may predispose them to obesity, a new study has found. The differences in gut microbe communities may stem from an evolutionary trend favoring bacteria that help metabolize food more effectively in colder climates, according to researchers from the UA and UC-Berkeley.
UA health experts explain why flu season isn't over yet and how flu shots protect even those who don't get them. This season's flu vaccine protects against more strains than its predecessors, including H1N1
Carvacrol, the primary active component in oregano oil, effectively kills norovirus, a common cause of foodborne illness outbreaks in hospitals, schools and cruise ships, UA researchers have found. Their study is the first to shed light on exactly how the plant compound renders the virus ineffective.
UA engineers have turned an off-the-shelf digital camera into an imaging device that could be key in the search for life on other planets. Unlike existing cameras, the prototype developed by the UA-led team can photograph things up close and far away, with a price tag of less than $200.
The gift from James C. Wyant, professor emeritus of optical sciences, will go toward scholarships for graduate students. The UA College of Optical Sciences is the largest and most diverse academic optics education and research program in the nation.
UA Honors College student Daniel Fried is one of 14 students in the U.S. to be named a Churchill Scholar. The nationally competitive award provides recipients with money for one year of advanced study at the University of Cambridge. Fried, who is studying computer science, mathematics and information science, will pursue a master's in computational semantics.
A new study suggests that skeletal muscle disease – a disease in which muscle fibers do not function properly, resulting in muscle weakness – can be caused by genetic mutations in titin, a protein that is vital for proper muscular function. The study, conducted by a UA doctoral candidate, could help researchers reverse the disease by developing medications to counter the damaging activity of the gene.
Rain forests may owe much of the high biodiversity for which they are known to tiny fungi in the soil, according to a study published in Nature. Insects, on the other hand, appear to have less of an impact on plant diversity than previously thought.
Nine out of 10 people with gunshot wounds to the brain will die. UA trauma surgeons, using a new aggressive resuscitation protocol for patients with gunshot head injuries, have increased survival to nearly five out of 10 victims.
Members of the public can have their names carried aboard the OSIRIS-REx spacecraft when it leaves for a round-trip voyage to the asteroid Bennu in 2016. Led by the UA, the OSIRIS-REx mission will scoop a sample from the asteroid and return it to Earth, where it will help scientists better understand how the planets and our solar system came to be.
With the UA men's basketball team hanging on to its No. 1 ranking for five consecutive weeks, we're reminded of the numerous other ways in which the UA is the first and best. That includes the world's first robotic implantation of a ventricular assist device, the founding of dendrochronology and the UA's selection to lead the first mission to snatch a sample from an asteroid.
You may think of watching television shows, going to the movies or reading a new best-seller as entertainment, pure and simple. But there's nothing simple about it. For Hope Schau, a UA associate professor of marketing, popular media is a complex interplay of ideas and information about who we are and who we want our heroes and heroines to be.
After studying frogs on three continents, a UA biologist has come to the conclusion that frog species have striking similarities no matter where they make their homes. In a new study, ecology and evolutionary biology professor John Wiens and collaborators suggest that the similarity in frog species across continents has two explanations.
What do kidney stones, a shrimp's lunch, and firefighting foam have in common? The answer lies in the destructive power of sound waves, which UA researchers Manish Keswani and Reyes Sierra in the College of Engineering are investigating as a means of eliminating toxic chemicals.
The official countdown clock for the UA's Osiris-REx mission began ticking on Dec. 9, with 999 days to launch. The UA-led NASA mission will send a spacecraft to collect a sample from the near-Earth asteroid Bennu in 2018.
UA researchers have discovered a surprisingly diverse ecosystem of microbes in a limestone cave that are eking out a living from not much more than drip water, rock and air. The discovery not only expands our understanding of how microbes manage to colonize every niche on the planet, but also could lead to applications in areas ranging from environmental solutions to drug development.
The UA's Educational Interpreting program is working to meet the nation's high demand for sign language interpreters. The UA program connects students with professional interpreters and gives them experience working with deaf or hard of hearing children in K-12 classrooms.